Title of ProjectFNovel electronic phases at interfaces of strongly correlated materials studied by soft x-ray dichroism with multi-degrees of freedom


Atsushi Fujimori

( Professor, Department of Physics, University of Tokyo )



Research AreaFMathematical and Physical Sciences

KeywordFTransition-metal oxides, Interfaces, XMCD, Photoemission, Linear dichroism

yPurpose and Background of the Researchz

   Recently, the possibility of charge-spin-orbital ordering and the importance of spin-orbit coupling at oxide interfaces have been pointed out. Also, novel electronic states which emerge at interfaces between different kinds of ground states have attracted much interest. In this project, we investigate such novel interfacial electronic states using soft x-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD), soft x-ray magnetic linear dichroism (XMLD), and related high-energy spectroscopic techniques. In collaboration with Photon Factory, KEK, we develop a versatile soft x-ray dichroism measurement system in which the direction of magnetic field and the photon polarization are independently varied.

yResearch Methodsz

   The new soft x-ray dichroism measurement system consists of a superconducting vector magnet and a fast polarization switching undulator. We perform systematic dichroism measurements with high sensitivity and precision on oxide interfaces for which spin-orbital ordering and/or the importance of spin-orbit interaction has been theoretically predicted. In addition, angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy and resonant soft x-ray scattering are employed to obtain complementary information.

yExpected Research Achievements and

Scientific Significancez

(1) Novel electronic states of ultra-thin films and superlattices of oxides will be identified and characterized. For example, spin and orbital ordering are likely to exist in ultra-thin films of Pauli-paramagnetic metal SrVO3 and ferromagnetic metals SrRuO3 and (LaCSr)MnO3.

(2) Novel electronic states which emerge at oxide interfaces and their possible spin-orbital ordering will be elucidated. In particular, mechanisms for the appearance of metallic states at the LaAlO3/SrTiO3 interfaces and its relationship with spin-orbit interaction will be investigated.

(3) Coexistence and competition at interfaces between different kinds of phases will be identified and their mechanisms will be clarified.

(4) The newly developed XMCD and XMLD system will become a powerful tool to investigate the local magnetic properties of anisotropic strongly correlated systems. For example, field-induced magnetism in cuprate superconductors, unusual magnetic properties of iron-based superconductors, and orbital fluctuations in Kondo systems.

yPublications Relevant to the Projectz

[1] T. Koide et al., Evidence for a close correlation between the magnetic moments, lattice distortions and hybridization in LaMnO3 and La1-xSrxMnO3+: Doping-dependent magnetic circular x-ray dichroism study, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87 (2001) 246404.

[2] M. Takizawa et al., Photoemission from buried interfaces in SrTiO3/LaTiO3 superlattices, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97 (2006) 057601.

[3] H. Wadati et al., In-situ photoemission study of Pr1-xCaxMnO3 epitaxial thin films with suppressed charge fluctuations, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100 (2008) 026402.

[4] K. Yoshimatsu et al., Origin of metallic states at the heterointerface between the band insulators LaAlO3 and SrTiO3, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101 (2008) 026802.

[5] M. Takizawa et al., Remote hole-doping of Mott insulators on the nanometer scale, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102 (2009) 236401.

[6] K. Yoshimatsu et al., Dimensional-

crossover-driven metal-insulator transition in SrVO3 ultrathin films, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104 (2010) 147601.

yTerm of Projectz   FY2010-2014

yBudget Allocationz 185,600 Thousand Yen